Sunday, November 5, 2017

New World Order in global atmospheric circulation is taking shape.

~The post 1998 period has a definite simple Global Circulation footprint
~Hurricane track Northeastwards  shift is understood by it. 

   Current autumn 2017 dominant circulation has 2 cold cells,  one NE Siberia,  the other usually strongest coldest Arctic Archipelago -Greenland zone.   This is what dictates a great deal of your weather if you live in the Northern Hemisphere.  In Novembers past ,  the look was different,  with the colder zones much vaster.  In response 2017 autumn was extremely warm for the largest part of North American NE coast and well further inland.  The larger question is whether these cells will remain largely similar for upcoming months. 

     The answer lies in whether we can accurately measure snow cover or not.  Current cold zones were largely built from seasonal snowfall. 
Snow is a widely misunderstood white matter, the coldest zones have naturally more snow on the ground because temperatures are almost always below 0 C. But it does not mean that where snow lies the coldest atmosphere can be.   A snow layer on top of a warmed up by summer permafrost, means that the permafrost doesn't loose so much energy to space. A closer look at the Canadian archipelago reveals far less snow on the ground than Siberia, the Archipelago always had open sea water, yet the weighted temperature of the troposphere is consistently coldest over the CAA (Canadian Arctic Archipelago).    But snowfall has largely stopped,  sublimation and compaction 
has rendered its initial snow cover thinner,  exposing the ground further during darkness only to consolidate the cooling further.

    The perfect coldest Northern Hemisphere winter would start with extensive early snowfall in autumn, then none at all for the long Arctic night followed by extensive snow precipitation April onwards. So far 2017 is following that pattern in the CAA. 

     A curious pattern shift was discovered as cited by PBS 2017 NOVA's killer hurricanes broadcast, the hurricanes use to crash consistently straight Eastwards into middle mesoamerica, now their end tracks tend to have shifted towards the Northeast. A plausible explanation would come from the Global Circulation as cited above. The remainder of the coldest 
atmosphere survives in summers in the CAA-Greenland region. This is due to great sea ice melts, much more frequent than not in the last 2 decades. Only Greenland and CAA glaciers complement the remainding dwindling September Arctic Ocean sea ice. This solidifies the center of Global Circulation to CAA-Greenland in summer and fall, the flow on NE America's coast has now been intensified, dragging everything found within,  warmer weather, Cyclones or hurricanes to move likewise. WD November 5, 2017.   

Sunday, October 22, 2017

New signal of a warming Arctic Ocean: the Green flash green sea

~Never observed literal greening of the NW passage
~The likely cause was a much warmer top of sea opposing a quick refreeze caused by light winds...

    30 Years ago Arctic top of sea refreezes,  particularly here,  75 North 94.5 West,  were often in early September,   at the first chance of light winds,  then after October was bitterly colder,  fostering the onset of winter to last till June.  During these older days, the boating season was about 3 to 8 weeks long,  since on shore fast ice came so early  and the sea ice broke up as late as August.  Now this season is almost always more than 16 weeks.

    Freeze-up 2017 was no different than any other except it came late,  a feature of the post 1998 sea ice period.  Grey ice comes almost always when there is a calming of winds during clear air events.
There is yearly one natural cloudy season for the High Arctic from Mid April to Mid September,   this season has changed recently,  it comes often mid April  as usual,  but became more intense,  with heavier precipitation for months.  Post 1998,  this cloudy season stretched often till end of October,  making freeze-up much more difficult,  another component is the -11 degrees C mark,  which is the most observed temperature which causes grey ice.  Although sea ice freezes at -1.8 C,  it takes much colder air temperatures to counter balance the net thermal top of sea state not at all at its freezing point.  If there is a warming of sea water it does not mean that freeze-up will always come later, it is a matter of the right circumstances.

      With right conditions:  clear skies, calm seas, temperature nearing -11 C;   freezing may occur.  So it was  September 19 2017,   the winds were quite slow less than 5 knots,  the sky was clear (an unusual autumnal feature),   some freezing started:

      Never seen before "green flash green" sea,  a refraction effect not entirely understood.    Definitely new,  the green may be a mix between horizon sky and the natural sea water blue we usually observe at all sunsets. 

    Past blue seas at sunset examples abound,  I picked a few:

    Practically all open water sea sunsets are dark blue (grey when cloudy),  even with exact 2017 conditions.   The orange horizon of 2012 is identical to 2017,  yet with dark blue seas.

   September 19 2017 sunset occurred mid air,  signifying thermal inversions,  note the lack of reflection of direct sunlight over the sea, there is a band of thermal layers,  called ducts,  intensely stable temperature wise.  This is done with clear air, light winds and in this case,  the fresh formation of a very thin layer of sea ice.  Right above the newly formed ice the air was automatically colder,  higher up near surface air was warned by sea water before the ice showed up.   Latent heat of fusion also released some heat which ascended higher by buoyancy,

   But this new very thin ice did not last,  temperatures warmed to the -3 to -5 C range on September 20 and 21, come the 22nd.  All new sea ice was gone.   Again,  worth to note that sea ice may melt with surface temperatures above -11 C, 

   This  "green flash green" ocean was a never seen before event,  it showed up roughly 40 minutes after the blue ocean with the sun above the horizon at about 5 degrees C elevation  (first blue sea horizon picture).   With the lower sun,  the orange horizon came about, implying very clean air conditions.  The distant ship seen in dark shade hues was captured upright,  but betrays the very complex layering just below.   One of which demonstrated a Wegener blank strip,  a relatively rare optical event,  implying a steep thermal inversion,  a blank strip is an optical construct consisting of a very long thermal duct,  very distant having no light from above or under which can penetrate it,  therefore the darkened layer black impression you can particularly see in the un-zoomed picture with the green sea.


     The 'never seen before' aspect of this event,   is a major discovery,  the reasons for the greening of the sea horizon,  needs to be modeled,  in other words , replicated by computer animations.  Historical GRIB data should also have steep inversions above the sea surface below 46 meters ASL. 

     This is a splendid example of atmospheric optics readily available to verify state of the art atmospheric computer models.  If the models do not have inversions below 46 ASL,  they need be improved.  WD October 24 2017.   


Sunday, October 8, 2017

What was Hurricane Maria pushes the jet stream North, take 2

~ A very fascinating feature of post hurricane cyclones was captured again.

2016 Hurricane Nicole turned extra tropical Cyclone peculiar feature  (explained here),  may seem ancient or distant,  given the comparatively busy 2017 season.  But there were much fewer hurricanes over a longer period,  from 2006 to 2015,  despite much warmer oceans,  in fact the conclusion that there would be less frequent but more powerful hurricanes was correct (Emmanuel),   not like Typhoons,  which are storms from a different huge Pacific Ocean playing field. 

Note the regular feature of Jet stream (drawn green)  on this CMC Oct 7, 2017 1800 UTC surface analysis chart.   It contours the Southern part of Cyclones,  this is a normal for the Polar jet stream ,  except for where a peculiar  Cyclone  near south east Greenland (ex hurricane Maria) seems to push the jet to the Northwards,  the jet contours the Cyclone very unusually.  It seems being more like an anticyclone .WD Oct7, 2017

Thursday, September 7, 2017

The Very good work of MIT's Professor Kerry Emmanuel

~ "A-new-study-says-hurricanes-will-get-stronger-and-more-frequent-thanks-to-climate-change"

~  Contrary to fringe media gossipers bent on lying and ignorance,  science at times can be prophetic;
less frequent but very strong  hurricanes are at play.  As published in a journal many years ago (since at least 2005).  

First system formed 

June 8, 2005 

Last system dissipated 

January 6, 2006

(record latest, tied with 1954
Strongest storm Name 

Wilma (Most intense hurricane in the Atlantic basin) 

• Maximum winds 

185 mph (295 km/h)

(1-minute sustained) 

• Lowest pressure 

882 mbar (hPa; 26.05 inHg

Seasonal statistics 

Total depressions 

31 (record high) 

Total storms 

28 (record high) 


15 (record high) 

Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+

7 (record high, tied with 1961

Total fatalities 

3,913 total 

Total damage 

$158.9 billion (2005 USD)
(Costliest tropical cyclone season on record) 

First system formed 

April 19, 2017 

Last system dissipated 

Season ongoing 

Strongest storm Name 

• Maximum winds 

185 mph (295 km/h) (1-minute sustained) 

• Lowest pressure 

914 mbar (hPa; 26.99 inHg

Seasonal statistics 

Total depressions 


Total storms 



Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+


Total fatalities 

91 total 

Total damage 

> $70 billion (2017 USD)
     The past 12 years were not exactly busy ones for hurricanes,  quite unlike typhoons.  
the South Atlantic has its own weather factors going,  namely its smaller size than the Pacific, ENSO influence and the effects of dust from the Sahara desert.  The latter was observed in late July falling over South Texas.   Perhaps the Saharan dust plume relinquished in later August letting the hurricanes form without dust impediments:

   March 2017 Saharan dust plume North Africa is seen to the upper right.  It makes a great deal of sense that dust may simply inhibit hurricane development,  also likely a warmer planet, in turn Sahara,  will diminish the number of hurricanes forming.  Hence the likely further warming  of "uncooled" South Atlantic sea water,  as it is known,  that hurricanes mix the underlying lower cooler layer of sea water with the very warm surface sea under its path.   The further warmed more stable  sea water may give incredibly stronger hurricanes whenever the conditions are ripe.  

    The good news ,  certainly needed,  is that the last Arctic cell of massively cold air exists at this time in the Greenland-Ellesmere-Devon-North Baffin region, is as strong as can be according to current High Arctic vertical sun disk measurements,  quite compressed, similar to March even though the density weighted temperatures are 10 degrees warmer.  The mid to higher upper atmosphere is much cooler because there is less clouds than over the rest of the Arctic.   This cooling positions the jet stream and or circulation directly further South towards where the hurricanes are.   This is a better scenario than what happened with Harvey in Texas. WD September 7, 2017

Monday, August 28, 2017

Weakened Global Circulation consequences; hurricane Harvey has nowhere to go

~ NYTimes sums it up: “This event is unprecedented & all impacts are unknown & beyond anything experienced,” the federal service said on Twitter on Sunday."

~ Not only isolated to Americans but To India and Bangladesh seasonal monsoons: "Modi said the floods had wreaked havoc on a massive scale, adding that altered weather cycles linked to climate change were having a big negative impact. He announced 200,000 rupees’ compensation (£2,374) to the families of those killed in the deluge and 50,000 rupees to those seriously injured."

~ Japan was not spared" Not only for only Tokyo area.

~Europe had mostly very hot weather as predicted:

~ A huge Swiss Mountain Landslide came with the heat and melted permafrost:
Permafrost thaw

"The reason is that the high mountains are not as cold as they once were. Marcia Phillips, a permafrost researcher with Switzerland's Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research, has been analysing temperatures all over the Alps."

Hurricane stalls are not necessarily very rare, but Global Circulation not moving normally has consequences all over the world.

If you weaken the source of Arctic cold air creating the familiar Global Wind patterns , a more stagnant circulation ensues, as such predicted in April:

  If you shrink the mass of cold ice to a much smaller surface area, circulation stalls would occur all over the world, as they have. We remember numerous Hurricanes such as Katrina, Frederic and others hitting ground but not lasting long over the continent, swiftly brushed away mainly to the North North East.


The remarkable projection right above this CMC August 28 2017 1800 UTC surface analysis, placed the main Highs and Lows pretty much where they happened today.
It is not a coincidence, but rather a correct interpretation of the future. We look at further details with IR animation:

What I noticed , is particularly the Western Part of the US, the Southward flow of clouds, Hurricane Harvey more or less stalled with a very small North Eastwards drift. Northern Canada has the flow which happens most times over the SE USA.

These are unfamiliar weather circulation patterns, which of course were born from the planet consistently warming. The extra rain pretty much happening on many planetary locations is due to the remnant of a strong just past El-Nino seeding combined with greater evaporation rates boosted by this warming. WD August 28, 2017

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Almost everything predicted for 2017 is turning out

  The linked above annual spring projection of important weather events is doing just fine.

" The Okanagan valley BC will be hot and dry at first then turn quite wet, Midwest North America will be mostly dry and very hot"

  My favorite prediction written when the Okanagan was on the verge of major flooding due to extensive winter snowfall and spring rain.  The "theory of persistence"  would have made this catastrophe possible,  but the Northern in provenance atmospheric circulation saved the valley (as projected).  The moist Spring turned to above Normal temperatures:

Western European Heat wave,   check :

Less American Tornadoes,
check :

    Note the earlier more intense period of tornadoes,  preceding lesser numbers when there should be more.  The prediction was about this period after mid April.

ENSO to Neutral, 


   Note the residual cloud seeding from El-Nino 2015-16 replenished water to many areas of the Earth stricken by drought.  

"I would expect record number of melt Ponds -late- from all that thick snow cover. This will accelerate the melt rapidly, numerous melt ponds will signal the start of very rapid melting, after seemingly sluggish melt daily rates interspersed with at times great variations caused by the lack of sea ice consolidation."

   This is indeed happening.

"when this snow disappears in June, there will be huge water ponds, the ice will vanish extremely quickly then after."

   Needless to say,  let us use Barrow Strait Canada with picture animations:

  In 2016 Barrow Strait had significant snow cover over sea ice,  the Strait cleared of ice late June:

   Winter 2017 had significantly more snowfall especially at end of the long night:

  Down the Baffin Bay drain!   One month earlier than last year.  The sea ice did not stand a chance to withstand even seasonal weather,  because it was so thinned by a very thick snow cover during long Arctic night accretion.  The same is expected to happen wherever there was more snow cover over sea ice,  which may be pretty much the entire pack.  

       So now we wait Barrow sea ice disintegration to hit the larger remaining ice pack.   WD June 24 2017

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Fram Strait channel doubles, North Nares Strait has no Greenland stable sea ice shelf at all

We notice the usual late May early June "spring break" especially North of Ellesmere Island, the Big Lead reappeared along with many Northwestwards lateral fractures. The entire pack turning clockwise is a common feature at this period of year.  What is very unusual is is North of Greenland total collapse and disintegration of its perineal stable sea ice shelf,  which in the past reduced the flow of  ice through Nares Strait substantially.  In history,  the marking feature North of Nares was a circular opening of water surrounded by stable ice:
  A few years ago, 2 weeks later,  as seen through clouds,  North of Nares circular current and broken ice zone,  was mainly caused by stable ice,  now gone.  It can only mean more substantial sea ice lost, the steady ice shelf barrage is gone.   WD May 30,2017

Sunday, May 21, 2017

North of Nares Strait region sea ice, once steady stable perineal, now thin unstable seasonal

   May 21 NASA EOSDIS captures for 2017, 2013 and 2015,  May 21 selection was chosen as the earliest date comparable,   extensive cloud cover forced the choosing of  later dates were picked for 3 other pictures:  2016 June 12;  2014 May 27 and June 15 for 2012.  Despite the much later dates sea ice was never for the worse compared to May 21 2017,  broken and smashed up,  is true to present days weakest formation of very thin tenuous sea ice.  As the NASA clips suggests, it was very recently not always this fragile North of Nares Strait,  despite a near permanent Gyre and tidal current,  2012 ice looked substantially thicker and stronger a month later.   This year to year animation gives the impression of a progressively continuous sea ice deterioration.   In the late 80's this ice sheet especially next to Greenland  was rock steady year round with only the current breaking it up at Northern entrance of Nares.  The broken up appearance of sea ice in 2017 demonstrates the total collapse of the steady but important thin sea ice shelves (3 to 5 meters).  WD May 21,2017

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Spring Break from within the sea ice core, 2017Arctic Ocean sea ice is already unusual, fluid movement captures

We look here at May 17 to 20 2017,  20 with the missing gap,  a huge opening lead (amongst many other large ones) spanning a great deal of the distance  from Russia to Canada, something like 2 to 4 kilometers large, getting bigger daily,  moving 10 kilometers in 3 days,  you can't miss it,  it is the biggest black line,  clearly open as we see it through the clouds.  
Spring break usually occurs on the coastal areas,  when rotation of the much consolidated pack  usually turns with the Arctic Ocean Gyre current,  clockwise.    If the pack is not so one piece of frozen mass,  then the break should occur everywhere else as it does indeed.   
  May 27 2016 had a small semblance of May 20 2017 look.  2017 sea ice was more fluid all winter largely as a result of the under emphasized big Minima Break up of the densest Canadian Pack ice seen here.  The lack of the usual super dense pack twinned with warmest winter in Arctic history, gave a new sea ice field, by all dimensions, temporal and size.  WD May 20,2017

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Annual a bit late 2017 Northern Hemisphere summer-fall-winter projections forecasts, by unique data acquisition means.

~ A surprise cooling temperature shift caused by too much snow on the ground,  changed winter from all time cloudiest and warmest,  to seasonal.
~ It doesn't spare nor slow sea ice ultimate demise
~ 2015-16 world all time warming trend may be slightly stalled at a very warm level


If a graph would suggest definite linear world wide cooling since 1976,  it would be this one:

However sunspots don't seem to greatly impact the Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) currently at 1361 w/m2. 

Let us look at this Colorado University  TSI graph and correlate with the big disk itself:

TIM graph just above,  on April 1 2017,   suggested if we consider "little ice age theory" analogy a drop in the number sun spots,  a commonly thought direct relation for sun output,  which would mean lesser sun spots.  Above is what 1360 w/m2 looks like.

End of April a tad brighter sun,  with less a few less spots had greater energy output by a ruckus 1 W/m2.  Sunspots not quite heat related  despite being literally colder areas on the sun.  

     But the sun position may be very useful in determining the state of the atmosphere,  which is very very thick from telescope to space at the horizon,  sunlight can penetrate thousands of kilometers of air,  a huge amplification of the nature of the atmosphere can be observed just above the ground thanks to the sun:

April 14 2017 Katimavik sunset, named for a long ago, now 50th anniversary expo 67 Canadian pavilion.  This sun set 3 degrees further Southwards, indicating a lack of a strong stable inversion temperature gradient.  The interpretation of this may go 2 ways,   either there is less warming above,  or more warming at air next to sea ice,  the former was the case.  The atmosphere thickness here is in excess of 2000 Kilometers.  

    This year, sunsets were commonly strongly Southwards in March,  more Northwards in April,  this reflected a sudden cooling of the entire Canadian Arctic which gained prominence as it spun a small vortex shutting down the East coast of North America.   This cooling came from Central Ellesmere,  partner in cooling crime with Greenland,  dry air from the 2nd biggest glacier in the world,  along with Ellesmere covered with thick snow which fell from moisture rich warmest Arctic winter in recorded history ,  changed this amazing cloudy warm winter to a normal end.   The clouds were more scarce from about the time of greater cooling ,  coinciding with  March early April usually not so cloudy period,  allowing for many sun disk pictures,  not as numerous as last year,  but within the most numerous seasons,  near 3rd place after 2016 and 2008.  

Sun disk data amazed,  the March April Canadian Arctic archipelago atmosphere was seasonally cold

What is the score ?
  While reviewing all time average vertical sun disk expansions with respect to 120 decimal altitudes captured between 2002 -2017, from -1 to 10 degrees elevation.  According to refraction laws, vertical sun disk dimensions should expand with ever increasing in impact from Anthropogenic Global Warming,  it is a good way to check on the Global Temperature method, differently, optically.  The predictive record of previous sun disk comparisons was very good, with uncanny precision in determining Northern  Hemisphere yearly average temperature in April,  8 months earlier.    So without hesitation here are the 2017 results:

   2017 has 490 observations to date,  a year by year average of 6.25% for all decimal levels with maximum expanded sun disks should be considered normal statistical average.    #1 expanded is 2016,  with 15.8%,  #2 2015, 11.7%,  #3 2006,  9.2%  #4  at 7.5%: 2005-2009-2010-2011- 2013, #5 2012,  6.7%,  #6 2017 4.2%, #7 2004-2007-2008-2014, 3.3%, #8 2002,  1.7% ,  #9 2003 0.8%. 

    Although sun disk vertical dimensions data trends closely match Northern Hemisphere temperatures ,  this year may be an exception similar to 2014,  largely because the playing field where the data was retrieved has drastically changed,  namely because there was so much snow over wide expanses.  Arctic snow cover was predictably often 10-20 cm thick in the past,  not much,  after all the Arctic has less precipitation than vast deserts.  The spring time land and ice scape usually was a mix of land and ice interspersed by snow.  2017 went against the norm in a big way.  Local Barrow Strait shore sea ice should be about 200 cm thick by end of April,  or end of accretion date. It is only 140 cm was so for a month.  A lot of snow acts like sea ice proxy,   it is currently a 60 cm  insulation  which replaced sea ice.  Since the local  physical landscape changed,   I must change my approach to the meaning of sun geometry apparently changing course.    

  Sea ice "First Melt" (FM) day the latest since observations began

   Spring First Melt occurs when Sea ice horizon goes down to the Astronomical Horizon for the first time since it formed,  the air temperature immediately above becomes isothermal,   air layers right above  this isotherm may be warmer causing some illusions.  

                                                      2017 April 25
                                                     2016 March 9, 
                                                   2015 March 26,  
                                                      2014 April 10, 
                                                   2013 March 23, 
                                                   2012 March 17, 
                                                    2011  April 15,
                                                    2010 March 19. 

     But with the thinnest sea ice ever,  the meaning of 2017 "First melt" has been hijacked 
by too much snow on top of sea ice,  much more than 2016,  more or less double.  Snow replacing sea ice giving dissimilar optical effects is a new  feature,  from the unusual flood of snowflakes stemming from warmest winter in Arctic history.    What we know about FM predictive power is related to the start of the melt season,   since too much snow halted accretion for more than a month,  the melt season also was delayed but from a thinner point,  when this snow disappears in June,  there will be huge water ponds, the ice will vanish extremely quickly then after.  So the later first melt date would have significance if the sea ice thickness was more average in thickness.  Otherwise,  on a larger Arctic Ocean scale,  if thick snow is laced all over the Arctic as it appears to be so,  the illusion of a normal sea ice melt rate will last until severe sudden disintegration.  

Few days after FM,  this strange unusual horizon line look 

  The jagged sea ice horizon usually happens at the Astronomical Horizon,  it becomes distorted,  by excessive heat in the air a few meters above sublimating snow,  the gaps are likely due to various snow layering thickness,  ice ridging, some old  vs new ice,  sun shade,  describing diverse highly localized albedos.  

   Stratospheric humdrum

    A cloudy Arctic should have cooled the stratosphere,  but the warmest winter in Arctic history flat lined on the average trend,  this is uncommon.  

ENSO appears to trend neutral

   ESR ENSO marks no definite trend, much like a stall especially with the Sea Current,  a trending La-Nina marked the spring time Arctic sky in 2016 conversely a very cloudier Arctic winter coincided with El-Nino trending.  

     Northern Hemisphere projection 2017:

      Coldest atmospheres literally swerve the weather dominating events,  knowing where they will be is key in making a good projection for 2017 main events:

 April-May 2017 (sketched in April)
   The Coldest air in the Northern Hemisphere has 3 cells,  cell #1 and 3 are coldest,  #2 warmed first.
The already dominant Antictyclone over the Beaufort sea is greatly enhanced stable,  Cyclones from the North Atlantic split towards the Urals and the North Pole. The sub polar jet already is high in Latitude be cause over all Temperate temperatures are high.  We have conundrum of Normal Arctic 
temperatures over land, warmer over Ocean as well.   

 The North American- Greenland Cold Temperature cell will dominate as a normal Arctic summer,  this should continue the stagnation of Anticyclones over the Beaufort Gyre,  drier Greenland air will mix along with the clockwise flow making it more stable.  Pacific Cyclones will intrude end of July.  North Atlantic Cyclones will split directions between The Atlantic and Russian Urals,  making the Arctic Ocean High stronger.

    August September
  As the last standing Cold cell lingers well North,  Northern Canada will be wetter ,  Lows will mix it up and take turns standing over the Beaufort High,  North Atlantic High will show up more often.  The damage done in July by persistent Gyre High will be finished off by Pacific and Atlantic Lows.
This will cause a great deal more scattering of sea ice. 

Hurricanes and Tornados

      There is no reason to believe that Tornados will be more frequent than average,  there is a colder atmosphere than 2016 , but it is largely confined to the High Arctic Troposphere,  its effect largely nullified in the warmer stratosphere without any greater high speed laminal wind formations as what made 2011 prediction successful.  The Stratosphere is unusually normal,  the very Cold at center -80 C Polar Stratospheric Vortex lasted a very short time,  barely made a high speed spin around the Pole compared to other more prominent years.  However heat contrasts will exist at the higher latitudes, perhaps displacing tornado alley Northwards.  Hurricanes should be less frequent because the Sahara will be especially hot this year, its sand dust greatly affects   Hurricane formations .   Typhoons should be normal in numbers as with a Neutral ENSO season, since  I have not seen nor detected  any significant ENSO trend. 

Northern Hemisphere temperature prediction 

      In all years since 2004,  this was the easiest thing to do,  since I simply transposed or calibrated Arctic  Sun disk vertical disk gains statistics as a defacto Northern Hemisphere temperature  average.  It worked marvelously well.  But now ,  excess snow on Arctic lands makes it more difficult.  
The colder spring time Arctic Atmosphere should stall NH warming gains or temperatures trending upwards as within the last few years, making 2017 # 3 warmest in history.  

 Sea Ice should be #1 lowest volume and likely lowest extent in history

    Difficult as it may be,  the lowest volume of sea ice at 2017 Maxima,  combined with consistent rapid  sea ice displacement velocities and the huge amount of snowfall stemming from the warmest Arctic winter in history, literally makes it easy for a change,  #1 least volume of sea ice come September, with a bit of a problem with extent predictability,  because sea ice is spread out from continuous daily displacements.  The East Siberian sea  to North Pole "arm" or ice bridge will figure prominent again, but will be eventually wiped out given the Gyre circulation,  made strong last year,  was recently reinforced.  The stable presence of an Anticyclone North of Alaska  is normal when the Canadian Archipelago atmosphere is coldest,  the clouds presence encompassing this anticyclone span is also very normal in spring.  Eventually the temperature dew point spread will widden due to solar warming and the effect of a huge area High over the Arctic Ocean will hit like in 2007.    I would expect record number of melt Ponds -late- from all that thick snow cover.  This will accelerate the melt rapidly,   numerous melt ponds will signal the start of very rapid melting, after seemingly sluggish melt daily rates interspersed with at times great variations caused by the lack of sea ice consolidation.   The North Pole will be partially ice free because pack ice will be moving all over the place.  A good Yacht Captain should be able to make to the Pole though.  

Other parts of the world predictions
    The Okanagan valley  BC will be hot and dry at first then turn quite wet,  Midwest North America will be mostly dry and very hot with clean air from the North except from forest fires,  NE coast of Canada and US cooler wet turning same as Midwest come July.  Finally Western Europe  record high temperatures, not as much as North African records. 

     The summer will linger well into fall,  the fall well into winter again.  With Arctic record snow 
fall mixing sea ice data with floating snow.  

  WD May2-3, 2017